A new article of mine has just been published in East European Politics. In it, I analyse the effect of common features in the indirect election of presidents in parliamentary republics using the example of Estonia, 1996-2016. You can find the abstract below:
The effects of majority requirements, selectorate composition and uncertainty in indirect presidential elections: The case of Estonia
This article assesses the effects of common features in the indirect election of presidents in parliamentary republics. In particular, it examines the influence of majority requirements, selectorate composition and uncertainty on party strategies, using Estonia (1996-2016) as a crucial case for analysis. The analysis demonstrates that the lack of a plurality run-off effectively eliminated incentives for inter-party cooperation and strategic voting. It furthermore shows that shifts in the partisan composition and control of the selectorate from parliament to electoral college provided considerable opportunities for agenda manipulation. Subsequently, results only rarely reflected the parliamentary balance of power. Last, although overall indicators suggest greater congruence between parliament and electoral college over time, this proliferated rather than reduced parties’ uncertainty over the electoral outcome as non-parliamentary electors voted based on local interests and acted independently from national party leaders.
Read the full article here (behind paywall): https://doi.org/10.1080/21599165.2019.1604339
A Green Open Access Version will be available from the institutional repository of Leibniz University after the embargo period.